Nellie McClung had many jobs over the course of her career, including teacher, writer, speaker, politician, and activist. Nellie was passionate about human rights.
As with most women of her time, she began working at a very young age. At only 16 she was already teaching in a rural school. It was around this time that Nellie started learning about the emerging social reform efforts in Manitoba and she quickly got involved.
Through her efforts with the Christian Women’s Temperance Union (CWTU), she started her career as an activist and a politician. She became involved in local efforts to campaign for women’s rights, and by 1911, had started actively fighting for women’s right to vote.
Not only was Nellie politically involved, she was also a published author. In 1908, she would publish her first book, going on to publish 15 more, as well as newspaper articles, speeches, and articles for several national magazines.
In addition to this busy workload, Nellie also found time to run for political office, serving as a member of the Legislative Assembly for five years. Considering that in her time, most women who were married with children were singularly focused on the family, she seemed to be always ready to take on a new challenge, and throughout her life, never stopped fighting for the things she believed in.
|Highlights of Nellie McClung’s Career|
|Author: Nellie’s first book, Sowing Seeds in Danny, was published in 1908, becoming a Canadian bestseller and earned $25,000. Nellie wrote throughout her career and well into her retirement, including 16 books and numerous newspaper and magazine articles for Maclean’s, Canadian Home Journal, Country Guide, Chatelaine, and Onward.|
|Outstanding Speaker: Nellie’s fame as an author led to another aspect of her career. After the success of her first book, she began to speak about her writing and included other topics such as such as prohibition, the suffrage movement and the war. Soon, she was in demand as an entertainer-recitalist in Manitoba. As her reputation as a brilliant orator spread, she was asked to tour other provinces and many areas of the United States. She continued to be in demand as a speaker well into her late sixties.|
|Advocate for the Vote for Women, 1911: Nellie wrote about Winnipeg, “The big city gathered us in … I enjoyed my association with the Canadian Women’s Press Club. There, great problems were discussed and the seed germ of the suffrage association was planted. We felt we should organize and create public sentiment in favour of women’s suffrage.” (The Stream Runs Fast, p. 101)|
|Member of the Political Equality League, 1912: Nellie recalled, “One night we organized the Political Equality League with a membership of about 15. We believed that 15 good women who were not afraid to challenge public opinion could lay the foundation better than a thousand. We wanted to get first hand information on the status of women in Manitoba, and of course, the whole Dominion”. (The Stream Runs Fast, p.106-7)|
|Political Campaigner, 1914 (Manitoba): Nellie’s ability to captivate an audience, her commitment to causes, and her energetic enthusiasm made her the ideal political campaigner. The Political Equality League appeared before the Legislature in Manitoba on January 27, 1914, to request political rights for women. Their request was refused.|
|Leader of the Women’s Parliament, 1914: The day after the government refused the request to grant women the same rights as men, the members of the Political Equality League spoke back. On January 28, 1914, they staged what has come to be known as the Women’s Parliament (Mock Parliament) at the Walker Theatre in Winnipeg. According to reports, it was a brilliant satire. Nellie McClung had listened to and watched carefully as Roblin dismissed the women the day before. In front of a full house, she portrayed the premier, mocking him and showing how foolish his opposition to the suffrage movement was.|
|Campaigning Continues in Alberta: After the McClung family moved to Alberta, Nellie returned to Manitoba to campaign during the last week of the August 1915 election. At the Liberal rally at the Walker Theatre the night before the election, she received a huge welcoming from the crowd. Women in Manitoba gained the vote in January 1916. In Alberta, it did not take Nellie long to become involved with suffrage movement and women gained the vote later that year.|
|Member of the Alberta Legislature, 1921-1926: In 1921, Nellie ran for the Liberal Party in Alberta. In 1923, the McClung family moved to Calgary. In the 1926 election, she was defeated.|
|Member of the Famous Five (The Person’s Case), 1927 -1929: In 1927, Emily Murphy invited Nellie McClung and three other well known women together to discuss petitioning the Federal Government about the meaning of the word person in Section 24 of the BNA Act which stated that only ‘‘properly qualified persons might be called to the Senate.” The ruling came back; women were not included in the word “person”. Their petition to the Supreme Court of Canada failed. Next, they took the case to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in England (Canada’s Highest Court of Appeal at the time). The ruling came back that the word “person” in the BNA Act did include women.|